Apple Macintosh 128K

apple macintosh 128k

The model 128K is the first product in the Macintosh family of computers. Apple Corporation introduced it in January 1984, after an intensive marketing campaign. “If computers are so clever, – one of the advertisements said, – isn’t it better to teach them to communicate with a person than to teach people to communicate with a computer?” Simultaneously with the official announcement of Macintosh, a 60-second advertising clip 1984, directed by the well-known Ridley Scott (Stranger), was shown on TV. The clip that cost $ 1.5 million, according to the legend, was shown only once, but it was enough: numerous mass media spread the video, inspired by Orwellian fantasies, free of charge, turning it into one of the most significant events in the history of television.

The Macintosh 128K was based on 32-bit microprocessor Motorola 68000 with clock speed of 8 MHz, had 128 KB of RAM, 64 KB of ROM, a one-way 400 KB 3.5-inch floppy drive, a built-in 9-inch black and white screen with graphics resolution of 512×342 pixels, was equipped, in addition to the keyboard, with a manipulator “mouse” and weighed 20 pounds (8 kg.).

Many things in the new computer were taken from the developments of the PARC research center of the company Xerox, 15 specialists of which in the early 1980s moved to work in Apple. It was thanks to the achievements of PARC that a system of “windows” on the screen, an interface based on symbolic images of actions, a device “mouse” appeared.

The first Macintosh was five times more expensive than the project specification required – $ 2495 instead of $ 500. But sales were very successful: in the first 9 months, 275,000 computers were sold. “Mac”, as the fans soon dubbed the new machine, brought Apple a grand success. With its appearance, the entire computer industry turned upside down. Owners of other types of computers envied the graphic means of “Mac” and the ease with which it was handled. Programs that allowed the use of “windows” and “mouse” in computers of other models, sold out like hot cakes.

However, very soon the users of the Macintosh 128K ran into the problem of too small amount of RAM, in conditions when the design of the model did not leave to expand it. Numerous complaints arose that prompted Apple to improve its product, and in the fall of the same 1984 the world was presented with a new “Mac” – Macintosh 512K (the Macintosh 128K was discontinued in October 1985).

Macintosh 128K

 

Logic Board Ports Power
Processor: 68000, 8
PMMU: none
FPU: none
Data Path: 16, 8
L1 Cache: none
L2 Cache: none
2nd Processor: none
Slots: none
USB:
ADB:
Video: none
Floppy: DB-19
SCSI: none
Geoports:
Ethernet: none
FireWire:
Mic Type: none
AirPort Ready:
Other Ports: Printer
Modem
Speaker
,
Port Notes: The serial ports in this system do not support handshaking or synchronous modems.
Max Watts: 60
Amps: .5
BTU per Hr: 205.2
Voltage: 105-125
Freq Range: 50-60 Hz
Battery Type: 4.5V alkaline, #523
Memory Video Memory
Logic Board: 0.125 MB
RAM Slots: 0, n/a
Min – Max RAM: 0.125MB – 0.125 MB
Min RAM Speed:
RAM Sizes: n/a
Install in Groups of: n/a
Notes: This system has no built-in memory expansion, however third-party upgrades could take this system to 512K.
Resolution Video Memory
built-in CRT
(built in)
512 x 384 1-bit
640 x 400 n/a-bit
640 x 480 n/a-bit
800 x 600 n/a-bit
832 x 624 n/a-bit
1024 x 768 n/a-bit
1152 x 870 n/a-bit
1280 x 1024 n/a-bit

Notes: Screen size is 512×342.

Physical Software Storage
Introduced: 1/24/1984
Discontinued: 10/1/1985
Form Factor: 128
Gestalt ID: 1
Weight (lbs): 16.5
Dimensions (in): 13.6 H x 9.6 W x 10.9 D
Notes: Support Discontinued 9/1/98
Addressing Modes: 24-bit
Orig SSW: 0.0
Orig Enabler: none
ROM ID: $0000
ROM Ver: n/a
ROM Size: 64K
AppleTalk Ver: n/a
Mac OS
Supported:
<1.0
1.0
1.1
2.0
2.0.1
5.0
5.1
6.0
6.0.1
6.0.2
6.0.3
6.0.4
6.0.5
6.0.7
6.0.8
7.0.1P
Floppy Size: 400K
Floppy Inject: manual
Min. Int HD Size: none
Int HD Interface: none
Orig CD Speed n/a
Int CD Support:

 

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